Painful Joints & Extremities


Joint pain can include discomfort, pain, or inflammation arising from any part of a joint, including cartilage, bone, ligaments, tendons, or muscles. This type of pain is typically related to arthritis or arthralgia, which are an inflammation of the joints, but it can be related to a variety of other conditions, such as cancer, broken bones, regional pain syndrome, gout, lupus, tendinitis, and more. Motion, pressure, or weight-bearing resistance can intensify joint pain and lead to swelling, redness, and tenderness and warmth around the affected joint.

Pain in the joints could be due to facet joint syndrome, which occurs between two vertebrae, typically at segments at the spine that provide stability and guide motion. Treatment can include steroid injections into the facet joint.

Extremity pain is related to stress on the joints associated with the arms, legs, wrists, ankles, shoulder, and neck. Pain in the legs can affect the entire leg or a localized area, such as the shin or knee, and pain can range from sharp and stabbing to aching and tingling. Severe leg pain can affect your ability to walk or bear weight. Leg pain can be related to overuse or injuries, or it can be related to lower spine problems, blood clots, varicose veins, or poor circulation. Severe cases of leg pain can lead to infection, swelling in the legs, and breathing problems. Pain the arms can be caused by a number of problems, ranging from joint injury to compressed nerves, but the pain usually originates from a neck or upper spine issue.

Treatment options can include steroid or epidural injections, which are delivered to the area around the nerve root or spinal cord, depending on the source causing the pain, as well as or physical therapy and pain relievers. Regenerative treatment options are also available, which use the patient’s own blood or stem cells to repair or replace tissue or organ function loss due to age, disease, or damage. Stem cell therapy involves harvesting stem cells from fat, amnitoic tissue, or bone marrow and placing them at the injured site to improve the likelihood that stem cells will adhere to the damaged area and promote healing and regeneration. After the stem cells are placed, concentrated platelets and other adjuvants are injected to stimulate stem cell growth and multiplication. Platelet-rich plasma therapy is another option that delivers a high concentration of platelets into and around the injured area, promoting the body’s natural healing process. A sample of the patient’s blood is taken and placed in a centrifuge to separate the platelets, then placed back into the body at the site of damage or injury.

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